Takamatsu City is located facing the calm, island-dotted Seto Inland Sea. The lives of the Takamatsu people have always been strongly tied economically and culturally to the sea. Takamatsu is both the capital of the prefecture and the central management city for Shikoku. The temperature is relatively stable year-round, and there is very little rainfall.
Takamatsu was founded in the Kamakura period (1185 - 1333), and in 1588, Toyotomi Hideyoshi's retainer, Ikoma Chikamasa built a castle on the Tamamo Coast and named it Takamatsu Castle. This is how Takamatsu got its name. The Ikoma family ruled the town for four generations (54 years) and the Matsudaira family did so for eleven generations (220 years). During the Meiji Restoration, the feudal system was abolished, and Takamatsu was made the capital of Kagawa prefecture. Takamatsu was incorporated as a municipality on February 15, 1890, becoming the 40th incorporated city in Japan.
Since the 1910s, there have been eight municipal mergers, and now Takamatsu City stretches from the Seto Inland Sea in the north, to the Tokushima prefectural border in the south. It has become a wide municipal area blessed with the ocean, mountains, and rivers, a lively city center, and slow-paced rural districts. The city has become a place where urban functionality and natural resources are in balance, providing a good life for its citizens.
Thanks to geographical and other natural factors, Takamatsu has always been the central management city for Shikoku, but in particular because of the Seto Ohashi Bridge which was built in 1988, the New Takamatsu Airport which was built in 1989, and the Takamatsu Expressway which reached Takamatsu in 1992, in April of 1999, the city was designated a core city.
Now, Takamatsu is working at becoming an even more convenient and green city, making use of the unique qualities that each region of the city has to offer, creating a compact and sustainable city.